The Golden Temple Amritsar
Amritsar, Punjab, India
Golden Temple, popular amongst the adherents of the Sikh religion as Sri
Harmandir Sahib or Sri Darbar Sahib, is the sacred seat of Sikhism. Bathed
in a quintessential golden hue that dazzles in the serene waters of the
Amrit Sarovar that lace around it, the swarn mandir (Golden temple) is one
that internalizes in the mind scape of its visitors, no matter what religion
or creed, as one of the most magnificent House of Worship.
Through the quiet lanes of history
The origin of this sacred shrine is shrouded in mystery. The most plausible
genesis can be traced back to the then prevailing social belief that the
waters of the present Amrit Sarovar or the Lake of Nectar had magical
medicinal properties that could cure various ailments as serious as leprosy.
The third Sikh Guru, Amar Das even found a herb on its bank that cured the
skin ailment of his predecessor Guru Angad. This place became the obvious
choice of Guru Amar Das and his successor Ram Das for building an abode of
worship for the propagation of their faith. The construction of the tank and
the formation of a quiet hamlet of followers in its vicinity was completed
by 1577. The fifth Sikh Guru Arjan Sahib, when he ascended the throne,
decided to construct a temple right in the middle of that tank. It is
believed that at his behest a Muslim saint, Hazrat Mian Mir ji of Lahore,
laid the foundation of the temple in December, 1588. Laborious toils of Sikh
devotees followed to give to the world one of its most beautiful shrines
ever. The tank was christened Amritsar - that became the very name of that
The Golden temple, unlike those echoing the Hindu temple architecture, was
constructed on the lower level on a 67 ft. square platform in the centre of
the tank and had four entrances. The basic architecture resonates both Hindu
and Muslim elements. The golden gilding and the rich ornamentation with
precious stones date back to the reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. It
treasures on a jewel-studded platform, the Adi Grantha or the sacred
scripture of Sikhs wherein are enshrined holy inscriptions by the ten Sikh
gurus and various Hindu and Moslem saints. The 202 ft bridge that leads to
the temple is connected with the circumambulatory path that borders the
temple and leads to the 'Har ki Pauri' or the steps of God. The very
structure seems to emanate the secularism that its builders aimed to
propagate and is often quoted to stand as the progenitor of the independent
Sikh school of Architecture.
chants of the devotees sanctify the entire area from dawn till dusk and the
pilgrims and tourists strolling in its vicinity and around the marbled
concourse encircling the pool, experience a spiritual nirvana too powerful
to be contained in mere language.
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Amritsar has both international and domestic airports with excellent
connectivity. The network of roads connect Amritsar to the major cities in
Punjab and the metros in India. Railways include Express, Mail and Passenger
trains. It is also connected to Lahore, in Pakistan, by train.