wildlife sanctuary is located in the south west part of the peninsular state
of Gujrat and is 42 km from Junagadh, a city in Gujrat.
Best time to visit :
Though the sanctuary can be visited
throughout the year the best time to visit is between the months of November
Gir Wildlife sanctuary, situated in the southwestern region of Gujarat
covers around 116 square-miles of area and was built to protect the last
wild population of Lion beyond the regions of Africa. During 1913 the
population of Lion fell drastically to just 20 animals but now the numbers
have risen to around 300, which was the result of the conservation efforts.
Earlier the royal hunting grounds of the Nawab of Junagadh, The Gir National
Park was later earmarked as a protected forest by the concerned Government
The Gir National Park also has a healthy population of other animal species
too. The park offers many excellent drives through scenic areas. In 1966,
600 square kilometers were initially demarcated as the Gir forest area,
which was later increased to 1150 square kilometers. The park with it's core
area of approximately 300 square kilometers was officially declared a
national park in 1975.
How to reach :
the nearest airport is Keshod via Veraval is 90
km from Gir and there are daily flights from mumbai to Keshod.
The meter gauge rail line of 395-kms from
Ahemdabad is the nearest rail connection from Gir.
Gir is located at a distance of 400-kms from
Ahmedabad via Rajkot, Junagadh and Mendarda and state transport buses are
readily available from Junagadh and Veraval to Gir, between the months of
November and June.
Wildlife attractions :
The Flora :
The Gir National Park is mainly occupied by
deciduous forest where the various varieties of trees are teak, flame of the
forest, Acacia and Banyan trees. There is peculiar kind of vegetation along
the main rivers and streams where species like the Jambu, Karanj, Umro, Vad,
Kalam, Charal, Sirus and Amli are found. The main features of the trees are
that they have broad leaves and are evergreen, giving the area a cool shade
and moisture content to the environment.
The Fauna :
Gir wildlife sanctuary consists of a large
population of Lions and the second most common predator found in the forests
of Gir is Leopard. According to the surveys conducted amongst all the
sanctuaries it has been found that, Gir national park houses one of the
largest population of Leopards in the country.
There are other animals also found in the Gir national park such as Sambar
Deer, Chital Spotted Deer, Nilgai Antelope, Chowsingha Four-Horned Antelope,
Chinkara Gazelle, Wild Boar, Langur Monkey, Jackal, and Hyena.
The Avifauna :
The various birds found in gir are
Paradise Flycatcher, Bonneli's Eagle, Crested Serpent Eagle, Woodpeckers
Jeep safari :
The two commonly found predators in the
sanctuary can be easily spotted at dawn or dusk when they are on their prowl
and the best way to view the wild animals in the sanctuary is by driving via
jeep around the forest.